Labour have published their General Election manifesto, titled ‘It’s Time for Real Change’, and a ‘manifesto costings summary’ setting out their spending plans and how they will afford to fund their proposed policies, such as through reversing cuts to corporation tax and also taxing multinationals.
Their manifesto includes pledges to launch a Green Industrial Revolution, take nationally strategic infrastructure into public ownership, raise income tax for those earning over £80,000, negotiate a new agreement with the EU and then hold a second referendum, end and reverse NHS privatisation, and launch a National Education Service to provide free education to everyone throughout their lives.
A full summary can be found below:
A Green Industrial Revolution
Launch a Green Industrial Revolution and create one million jobs, funded by a £400bn National Transformation Fund dedicated to renewable and low-carbon energy and transport, biodiversity and environmental restoration.
Launch a Green New Deal that aims to achieve the substantial majority of UK emissions reductions by 2030.
Create a Sustainable Investment Board to bring together the Chancellor, Business Secretary and Bank of England Governor to oversee, co-ordinate and accelerate sustainable investment and rewrite the Treasury’s investment rules to guarantee compatibility with climate and environmental goals.
Create a National Investment Bank, supported by a network of Regional Development Banks, to provide £250 billion of lending for enterprise, infrastructure and innovation over 10 years.
Launch a Local Transformation Fund in each English region to exclusively to fund infrastructure projects decided at a local level, with the national headquarters based in Northern England.
Deliver nearly 90% of electricity and 50% of heat from renewable/low-carbon sources by 2030.
Build 7,000 new offshore wind turbines, 2,000 new onshore wind turbines, 22,000 football pitches worth of solar panels, and new nuclear power needed for energy security.
Upgrade almost all the UK’s 27 million homes to the highest energy-efficiency standards, reducing the average household energy bill by £417 per household per year by 2030, and eliminate fuel poverty.
Introduce a zero-carbon homes standard for all new homes.
Ramp up development of the Smart Grid by expanding power storage and investing in grid enhancements and interconnectors.
Immediately ban fracking and introduce a windfall tax on oil companies.
Bring energy and water systems into democratic public ownership as well as other nationally strategic infrastructure such as the national grid and the supply chains of the Big Six energy companies.
Industry and Innovation
Spend 3% of GDP on research and development (R&D) by 2030, with part of this dedicated to innovative green technologies.
Establish a Foundation Industries Sector Council to provide a clean and long-term future for existing heavy industries like steel and glass and fund R&D into newer technologies like hydrogen and carbon capture and storage.
Support the steel sector through public procurement, exempting new capital from business rates, investing in R&D, building three new steel recycling plants and upgrading existing production sites.
Ensure that end-to-end production of new technologies will occur in the UK.
Require all companies bidding for public contracts to recognise trade unions.
Ensure the UK’s automotive sector isn’t left behind by the electric revolution, by investing in three new gigafactories and four metal reprocessing plants.
Establish a plastics remanufacturing industry, end the export of plastic waste and reduce UK ocean pollution.
Widen the accredited training that can be funded by the Apprenticeship Levy.
Launch a Climate Apprenticeship programme to enable employers to develop the skills needed to lead the world in clean technology.
Provide support for smaller businesses by increasing the amount that can be transferred to non-levy-paying employers to 50%, and introducing an online matching service to help levy-paying businesses find smaller businesses to transfer their funds to.
Take bus networks, railways and railway ticketing into public ownership, and implement a full, rolling programme of railway electrification.
Co-ordinate mainline upgrades, re-signalling, rolling stock replacement and major projects.
Introduce free bus travel for under-25s.
Increase and expand local services, reinstating the 3,000 routes that have been cut.
Deliver Crossrail for the North to improve connectivity.
Complete the full HS2 route to Scotland.
Propose to increase the funding available for cycling and walking.
Aim to end the sale of new combustion engine vehicles by 2030.
Position the UK at the forefront of the development of ultra-low emission vehicles.
Invest in electric vehicle charging infrastructure and electric community car clubs.
Set air quality, noise pollution, climate change obligations and countrywide benefits criteria for airport expansion.
Introduce a new Clean Air Act, complying with World Health Organisation limits for fine particles and nitrous oxides.
Provide an extra £5.6 billion in funding to improve the standard of flood defences.
Embark on an ambitious programme of tree planting.
Ensure that the Environment Agency is properly funded.
Introduce a ‘Right to Food’ and halve food bank usage within a year.
Achieve net-zero-carbon food production in Britain by 2040.
Extend Producer Packaging Responsibility to 100%.
Invest in three new recyclable steel plants in areas with a proud history of steel manufacturing.
Prohibit foxhunting, introduce an animal welfare commissioner, prohibit the sale of snares and glue traps, end the badger cull and ban the keeping of primates as pets.
Ban the importation of hunting trophies of threatened species.
Rebuild our Public Services
Reverse “some of the Tories’ cuts to corporation tax”, but keep rates lower than in 2010.
Increase income tax for those earning over £80,000, and free National Insurance and income tax rates for everyone else.
Guarantee no increases to VAT.
Launch a crackdown on tax avoidance and evasion, and reform the tax reliefs system.
End the favouring of outsourcing over insourcing and over time take back all PFI contracts.
Enforce a maximum pay ratio of 20:1 in the public sector.
Invest the £150bn Social Transformation Fund in replacing and upgrading schools, hospitals, care homes and housing, and modernise public buildings to reduce their carbon footprint.
Restore public sector pay to pre-financial crisis levels in real terms, starting with a 5% increase and yearly above-inflation pay rises.
NHS and Social Care
End and reverse NHS privatisation as an urgent priority.
Repeal the Health and Social Care Act.
End the requirement on health authorities to put services out to competitive tender, and bring subsidiary companies back in house.
End the sale of NHS land and assets.
Increase expenditure across the health service by an average of 4.3% a year.
Provide earlier diagnosis and improved screening rates for strokes, heart disease and cancer, and halt bed cuts.
Complete the confirmed hospital rebuilds and increase investment in primary care settings, modern AI and cyber technology.
Ensure NHS data isn’t exploited by international technology and pharmaceutical corporations.
Provide free annual NHS dental check-ups.
End mixed-sex wards.
Make the NHS a net-zero carbon service by planting an NHS Forest of 1 million trees, using solar panelling, and a transition to electric paramedic vehicles and hybrid ambulances.
Provide free hospital parking for patients, staff and visitors.
Develop a model of joined-up community care, and increase funding to close-to-home health services.
Expand GP training places to provide resources for 27 million more appointments each year.
Invest an extra £1.6bn a year to ensure new standards for mental health are enshrined in the NHS constitution and that treatments are on a par with physical health conditions.
Invest £2bn to modernise hospital facilities and end out-of-area placements.
Implement all the recommendations of the independent review of the Mental Health Act.
Double spending on children and adolescent mental health services through the Healthy Young Minds plan.
Recruit 3,500 qualified counsellors to ensure every child has access to school counsellors.
Introduce a Future Generations Well-being Act, enshrining health aims in all policies.
Invest £1bn in public health and recruit 4,500 health visitors and school nurses.
Extend the sugar tax to milk drinks, ban fast-food restaurants near schools, and enforce stricter advertising rules on junk foods and those high in salt.
Introduce a vaccination action plan to regain the UK’s measles-free status in WHO listings.
Label alcoholic drinks with clear health warnings and review the evidence on minimum unit pricing.
Implement a Tobacco Control Plan and fund smoking cessation services.
Introduce a training bursary for nurses, midwives and allied health professionals.
Put the NHS at the forefront of the development of genomics and cell therapies.
Establish a generic drug company, and use the Patents Act provisions to secure access to generic versions of drugs that are not given fair prices.
Ensure all parts of the NHS are protected from international trade deals.
Abolish prescription charges in England, and progress clinically appropriate prescription of medical cannabis.
Build a National Care Service for England, and provide free personal care to older people.
Introduce a lifetime cap on personal contributions to care costs
End 15-minute care visits, provide care workers with options for regular hours and access to training, and increase the Carer’s Allowance for unpaid full-time carers.
National Education Service
Launch a National Education Service that will provide free education to everyone throughout their lives, and promote all types of learning, skill and knowledge.
Reverse cuts to Sure Start and create Sure Start Plus.
Extend maternity pay to 12 months.
Provide 30 hours of free preschool education each week for all 2-4-year olds, within five years.
Recruit 150,000 more early years staff, and provide sustainable long-term funding to nursery schools.
Introduce a fairer funding formula for schools, ensuring maximum class sizes of 30 and that every pupil is taught by a qualified teacher.
Scrap Key Stage 1 and 2 SATs and refocus assessment on supporting pupil progress.
Introduce an Arts Pupil Premium to fund arts education for every primary school child.
Bring free schools and academies under the control of parents, teachers, and local communities.
Replace Ofsted with a new body designed to drive school improvement, and make schools accountable for the outcomes of pupils who leave.
Introduce free-school meals for all primary school children.
Close tax loopholes used by private schools, and ask the Social Justice Commission to advise on integrating private schools and creating a ‘comprehensive education system’.
Align the base rate of per-pupil funding in post-16 education with Key Stage 4, give everyone a free lifelong entitlement to training up to Level 3 and six-years training at Levels 4-6.
Introduce additional entitlements for workers in industries significantly affected by the industrial transition.
Incorporate further and adult education into a national system of regulation, similar to the NHS for healthcare.
Abolish tuition fees and restore maintenance grants.
Develop a new funding formula for higher education that ensures all HE institutions have adequate funding for teaching and research.
Police and Security
Recruit 2,000 more frontline police officers than the Conservatives, and work with Police and Crime Commissioners to reform police funding.
Work to eliminate institutional biases against BAME communities, and provide better police training for stop-and-search.
Establish a Royal Commission to develop a public health approach to substance misuse that is focused on harm reduction.
Ensure closer counter-terrorism coordination between police and security services, and strengthen powers of the Joint Intelligence and Security Committee.
Review all security strategies, such as the Prevent and Protect programmes.
Prioritise the agreement of a new UK-EU Security Treaty if the UK leaves the EU.
Create a co-ordinating minister for cybersecurity and hold regular reviews of cyber-readiness.
Review the role and remit of the National Cyber Security Centre, and review the structures and roles of National Crime Agency to strengthen response to all types of economic crime.
Restore total prison officer numbers to 2010 levels, phase out lone working, and bring PFI prisons back in-house.
Set new standards for community sentences and introduce a presumption against prison sentences of six months or less for non-violent and non-sexual offences.
Reunify probation and guarantee a locally accountable probation service.
Restore all early legal-aid advice, recruit hundreds of community lawyers, promote public legal education and build an expanded network of law centres.
Set new standards for tackling domestic and sexual abuse, appoint a Commissioner for Violence against Women and Girls, and reintroduce a Domestic Abuse Bill.
Introduce a no-fault divorce procedure.
Establish public inquiries into historical injustices such as Orgreave, release all papers on the Shrewsbury 24 trials and 37 Cammell Laird shipyard workers, and introduce a Public Accountability Bill.
Communities and Local Government
Bring all services back in-house within the next Parliament.
Introduce a rural-proofing process so all laws, policies and programmes consider their impact on rural communities.
Stop bank branch closures, ban ATM charges and give local authorities powers to put empty shops to good use.
Review the option of a land value tax on commercial landlords as an alternative to business rates, and develop a retail sector industrial strategy.
Bring Royal Mail back into public ownership, and create a publicly owned Post Bank.
Base a Business Development Agency in the Post Bank that provides free support on how to launch, manage and grow a business.
List pubs as Assets of Community Value to give communities the first chance to buy them.
Create a Co-operative Development Agency with the aim of doubling the size of the co-operative sector.
Give local government greater freedom to set planning fees and require environmental considerations to be factored into decisions.
Establish a National Youth Service and guarantee every young person access to local, high-quality youth work.
Launch a review of the care system, and replace the Troubled Families Programme with a Stronger Families Programme.
Fire and Rescue
Recruit at least 5,000 new firefighters, and conduct a review of the Fire and Rescue Service.
Establish a standards body for fire prevention, protection and intervention.
Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
Deliver free full-fibre broadband to all by 2030.
Bring broadband-relevant parts of BT into public ownership and establish British Broadband, with two arms: British Digital Infrastructure and the British Broadband Service.
Tax multinationals, such as tech giants, to pay for the operating costs of the network.
Create a Charter of Digital Rights and fine companies that fail on online abuse.
Invest a £1bn Cultural Capital Fund to transform libraries, museums and galleries, and maintain free entry to museums.
Make creative industry jobs accessible to all and increase diversity.
Protect free TV licenses for over 75s.
Take action to address the control tech giants have on advertising revenues, and support local newspapers and media outlets.
Review the ‘fit and proper person’ test for ownership of football clubs, ensure that supporters’ trusts have a proper role, and regulate safe standing.
Add the ICC Cricket World Cup to the list of free-to-air events, and commission an independent review into discrimination in sport.
Introduce a Gambling Act to establish gambling limits, a levy for problem gambling, and mechanisms for consumer compensations.
Tackle Poverty and Inequality
Rapidly introduce a Real Living Wage of at least £10 per hour for all workers aged 16 and over and use savings to public finances to help small businesses mange the extra cost.
Require large companies to set up Inclusive Ownership Funds (IOFs) so that up to 10% of a company will be owned by employees with dividend payments distributed equally among all, capped at £500 a year and the rest being used to top up the Climate Apprenticeship Fund. The cap will rise to ensure that no more than 25% of dividends raised by IOFs are redistributed in this way.
Explore other innovative ways of responding to low pay, including a pilot of Universal Basic Income.
Develop tailored support for the self-employed including: collective income protection insurance schemes, annual income assessments for those on Universal Credit, and better access to mortgages and pension schemes.
Tackle late payments that leave small businesses and the self-employed waiting months to be paid, including banning late payers from public procurement.
Establish a Ministry for Employment Rights
Roll out sectoral collective bargaining across the economy, bringing workers and employers together to agree legal minimum standards on a wide range of issues, such as pay and working hours.
Tackle insecurity by giving everyone full rights from day one on the job, strengthen protections for whistleblowers and rights against unfair dismissal for all workers, end ‘bogus self-employment’ by the creation of a single status of ‘worker’, introduce a legal right to collective consultation on the implementation of new technology in workplaces, ban zero-hour contracts and ensure those who work regular hours for more than 12 weeks have a right to a regular contract
Help people balance work and family life by increasing wages through sectoral collective bargaining, requiring shift breaks and cancelled shifts to be paid, giving all workers the right to flexible working, extending statutory maternity pay to 12 months, doubling paternity leave, introducing statutory bereavement leave, introducing hour new bank holidays, and reviewing family-friendly employment rights
Ensure people are treated equally by requiring employers to devise and implement plans to eradicate the gender pay gap, requiring employers to maintain workplaces free of harassment, increasing protection against redundancy, setting up a Royal Commission to bring health and safety legislation up to date, toughening the law against abuse and violence.
Remove unfair restrictions on trade unions by allowing secure electronic and workplace ballots, removing unnecessary restrictions on industrial action, strengthening trade unions’ right of entry to workplaces and repeal anti-trade union legislation.
Tackle excessive working hours by ending the opt-out provision of the EU Working Time Directive, setting up and independent Working Time Commission, and mandating bargaining councils to negotiate reductions in working time.
Extend the powers of employment tribunals and introduce new Labour Courts with a stronger role for people with industrial experience on panels.
Amend the Companies Act, requiring companies to prioritise long-term growth while strengthening protections for stakeholders.
End quarterly reporting for small businesses below the VAT threshold
Require one-third of boards be reserved for elected worker-directors and give them more control over executive pay
Introduce a broader ‘public interest test’ to prevent hostile takeovers and asset-stripping weakening the UK’s industrial base
Let struggling companies go into protective administration, so they can be sold as a going concern rather than collapsing into insolvency.
Separate audit and accounting activities in major firms and impose more robust rules on auditors.
Replace the Social Mobility Commission with a Social Justice Commission.
Women and Equalities
Create a new Department for Women and Equalities and establish a modernised National Women’s Commission as an independent advisory body to contribute to a Labour government.
Ratify both the Istanbul Convention on preventing domestic abuse and the ILO Convention on Violence and Harassment at work.
Deliver gender pay equality by making the state responsible for enforcing equal pay legislation for the first time through a new Workers’ Protection Agency.
Require all employers with over 250 employees to obtain government certification on gender equality or face further auditing and fines.
Enable positive action for recruitment to roles where employers can justify the need for more diversity.
Commission an independent review into the threat of far-right extremism.
Extend pay-gap reporting to BAME groups and those with disabilities.
Create an Emancipation Educational Trust to educate around migration and colonialism.
Strengthen protection for religious communities and amend the law to include attacks on places of worship.
Adopt a British Sign Language Act, giving BSL full legal recognition in law.
Eliminate remaining areas of discrimination in law, ensuring that LGBT+ people can live in safety and dignity.
Scrap the 2014 Immigration Act, end indefinite detention, and review the alternatives to the inhumane conditions of detention centres.
Ensure justice for migrant domestic workers and restore the overseas domestic workers’ visa.
Give refugees the right to work and access to public services.
Scrap Universal Credit and design a system to end poverty by guaranteeing a minimum standard of living.
Scrap the benefit cap, the two child limit, the ‘bedroom tax’ and increase the Local Housing Allowance.
Increase Employment and Support Allowance by £30 per week for those in the work-related activity group.
Raise the basic rate of support for children with disabilities to the level of Child Tax Credits.
Maintain the ‘triple lock’ and guarantee the Winter Fuel Payment, free TV licences and free bus passes as universal benefits.
Establish an independent Pensions’ Commission, modelled on the Low Pay Commission, to recommend target levels for workplace pensions, and create a single, comprehensive and publicly run pensions dashboard.
Introduce a £1 billion Fire Safety Fund to fit sprinklers and other fire safety measures in all high-rise council and housing association tower blocks.
Create a new Department for Housing, make Homes England a more accountable national housing agency and put councils in the driving seat.
Set out a strategy for a flourishing construction sector.
Set up a new English Sovereign Land Trust, with powers to buy land more cheaply for low-cost housing, and ensure developers face new ‘use it or lose it’ taxes on stalled housing developments.
Make brownfield sites the priority for development and protect the green belt.
Introduce a tough, new zero-carbon homes standard for all new homes, and upgrade millions of existing homes to make them more energy efficient.
Build more than a million homes over a decade, at an annual rate of 150,000 by the end of the Parliament, 100,000 of which will be built by councils for social rent.
Redefine ‘affordable’ in ‘affordable housing’, linked to local incomes.
End the conversion of office blocks to homes that sidestep planning permission through ‘permitted development’.
Reform Help to Buy to focus it on first-time buyers on ordinary incomes.
End the sale of new leasehold properties, abolish unfair fees and conditions, and give leaseholders the right to buy their freehold at a price they can afford.
Cap rent increases with inflation and give cities powers to cap rents further.
Give councils new powers to regulate short-term lets through companies such as Airbnb.
End rough sleeping within five years, with a national plan driven by a prime minister-led taskforce, through 8,000 additional homes for people with a history of rough sleeping, and an additional £1bn a year for council homelessness services.
Introduce a new national levy on second homes used as holiday homes to help deal with the homelessness crisis.
End the hereditary principle in the House of Lords, and work to abolish the House of Lords in favour of Labour’s preferred option of an elected Senate of the Nations and Regions.
‘Renew’ Parliament, based on recommendations to be made by a Constitutional Convention, led by a citizens’ assembly.
Re-establish regional Government Offices to make central government more attuned to our English regions.
Repeal the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, maintain 650 constituencies, reduce the voting age to 16, and abandon plans to introduce voter ID.
Ban political donations from tax avoiders and tax evaders.
Introduce a lobbying register covering both in-house lobbyists and think tanks, extended to contacts made with all senior government employees .
Increase the financial penalties available to the Electoral Commission and require imprints for digital political adverts.
Stop MPs from taking paid second jobs, with limited exemptions to maintain professional registrations like nursing.
Extend Freedom of Information rules to cover private providers of public services.
Invest an extra £1.9 billion to end austerity and rebuild public services in Northern Ireland.
Provide Scotland with at least around £100 billion of additional resources over two terms.
The Final Say on Brexit
Secure a ‘sensible’ Brexit deal with the EU within the first three months of office, which includes a permanent and comprehensive UK-wide customs union, close alignment with the Single Market, alignment on workers’ rights, consumer rights and environmental protections, continued participation in EU agencies and funding programmes, obtain clear commitments on future security arrangements, including access to the European Arrest Warrant and shared databases, and, an appropriate transition period.
Hold a legally binding referendum in the ensuing six months to give voters the option to accept the Brexit deal or to Remain in the EU.
Grant EU nationals the automatic right to continue living and working in the UK and ensure reciprocal treatment for UK citizens living in the EU.
Negotiate freedom of movement based on the recognition that it has brought social and economic benefits to EU citizens in the UK and UK citizens abroad.
A New Internationalism
A New Internationalism
Introduce a War Powers Act to ensure that no prime minister can bypass Parliament to commit to conventional military action, and implement every single recommendation of the Chilcot Inquiry.
Conduct an audit of the impact of Britain’s colonial legacy to understand the UK’s contribution to the dynamics of violence and insecurity across regions previously under British colonial rule.
Invest an additional £400 million in diplomatic capacity.
Establish a judge-led inquiry into the UK’s alleged complicity in rendition and torture, and the operation of secret courts.
Issue an apology for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, hold a public review into Britain’s role in the Amritsar massacre, and allow the people of the Chagos Islands and their descendants the right to return.
Suspend the sale of arms to Saudi Arabia for use in Yemen and to Israel for arms used in violation of the human rights of Palestinian civilians.
Conduct a root-and-branch reform of the UK’s arms exports regime and reform the international rules-based order to secure justice and accountability for breaches of human rights and international law.
Appoint human-rights advisers to work across the Foreign Office and government to prioritise a co-ordinated approach to human rights.
Rebuild the UK’s climate expertise within the Foreign Office, putting climate diplomacy at the heart of the UK’s foreign policy.
Immediately recognise the state of Palestine.
Build support for UN reform and prioritise the UK’s responsibility to prevent conflict by investing in local capacities for peacebuilding in areas of conflict.
Defence and Security
Undertake a Strategic Defence and Security Review to assess the security challenges facing Britain, including new forms of hybrid, cyber and remote warfare, the climate emergency and associated threats of resource competition, involuntary migration and violent conflict.
Support the renewal of the Trident nuclear deterrent, and actively lead multilateral efforts under the UK’s obligations to the Non-Proliferation Treaty to create a nuclear-free world.
Spend at least 2% of GDP on defence.
Scrap the public sector pay cap, ensure decent housing for forces members and their families, and guarantee better access for all forces children to good quality local schools.
Consult on creating a representative body for the armed forces, akin to the Police Federation.
Improve opportunities for veterans through access to lifelong learning and training, housing and mental and physical health services.
Pay a lump sum of £50,000 to each surviving British nuclear-test veteran.
Continue to work with manufacturers, unions and export partners in line with Labour’s foreign policy to support innovation in the sector to ensure it maintains its highly skilled workforce and world-class apprenticeship programme.
Continue with procurement that supports UK defence manufacturing including aerospace and shipbuilding, alongside a vibrant supply chain that includes the British steel industry and other component manufacturing companies providing good jobs throughout supply chains.
Publish a Defence Industrial Strategy White Paper, including a National Shipbuilding Strategy, that keeps all Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary shipbuilding contracts in the UK to secure a long-term future for the industry and its workers.
Create a Climate Change Sustainability Committee within the MOD to review the feasibility of increasing the use of sustainable energy in defence, and publish a strategy to accelerate the safe and sustainable recycling of the UK’s old nuclear submarines.
International Solidarity and Social Justice
Commit to a standalone Department for International Development (DfID), with an aid budget of at least 0.7% of gross national income.
Give DfID a strong position in cross-government decision making, including a permanent seat on the Export Control Joint Unit responsible for licensing arms exports.
Uphold basic rights to education, health and clean water by establishing a new Unit for Public Services within DfID.
Support trade unions internationally in their efforts to promote collective bargaining for better pay and conditions.
Support ongoing UN efforts to introduce a binding international treaty on business and human rights.
Provide a top-up of new and additional spending on international climate finance to bring the total to £4 billion a year.
Stop all aid spending on fossil fuel production overseas and end all UK Export Finance support to fossil fuel projects.
Transform DfID’s CDC Group plc into a green development bank, mandated to fight poverty, inequality and climate change.
Establish an aid-funded Food Sovereignty Fund to enable small scale farmers in the Global South to gain access to land, seeds and finance.
Implement UK arms export controls to the highest standard, putting an end to exports where they might be used in violation of human rights or international humanitarian law.
Ensure government procurement contracts are not granted to companies that are complicit in serious human rights abuses.
Reject any trade agreements that undermine labour standards or environmental protections, and rule out UK Export Finance support to companies engaged in bribery or corruption.